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Topic-icon Tackling Malaria Scourge through Preventive Interventions

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6 months 3 weeks ago #1 by Elnukeda
Elnukeda created the topic: Tackling Malaria Scourge through Preventive Interventions
Recent reports have indicated improved access to malaria interventions especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. Diagnostic testing for children as well as preventive treatment for pregnant women has significantly increased. According to the 2016 World Malaria Report released by the World Health Organization (WHO), the estimated number of malaria cases declined by 88 percent while death rates declined by 90 percent in Africa between 2000 and 2015.

However, despite this heart-warming news, the scourge has not by any means lost its potency. Malaria still poses a potent threat to global health, threatening the achievement of the WHOGlobal Technical Strategy (GTS)for Malaria 2016–2030 that set an ambitious target of at least a 90 percent reduction in cases, incidents and mortality rate of malaria by 2030.

According to WHO estimates, 212 million new malaria cases were recorded in 2015. In the same year, there were 490,000 deaths caused by malaria. Legacy challenges such as funding deficit, lack of adequate healthcare facilities and access to life-saving interventions have over the years jeopardized the global fight against malaria. Interestingly most malaria-related deaths in 2015 occurred in Africa representing 92 percent mortality rate. South-East Asia accounted for 6 per cent while Eastern Mediterranean accounted for an estimated 2 percent.The WHO report further revealed that an estimated $2.9 billion was spent on malaria control and elimination in 2015 alone, having increased by $ 0.06 billion since 2010. However, this is still not enough as itrepresents just 46% of the GTS 2020 milestone of US$ 6.4 billion.The GTS 2020 calls for elimination of malaria in 10 countries by 2020. Globally, millions of deaths recorded are attributed to malaria, highlighting the need for intensified interventions from local and international authorities.

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